Mechanical Engineering Thesis


Introduction to mechanical engineering thesis

A mechanical engineering thesis which can also be referred to as mechanical engineering dissertation or mechanical engineering final year project is an essential component of both undergraduate and Masters mechanical engineering course. Each undergraduate mechanical engineering student must submit a report on project work that has been done in the final year of study. In most universities, an undergraduate mechanical engineering thesis is worth between 30 and 40 credits. For an undergraduate mechanical engineering course, the student must pass the mechanical engineering thesis in order to obtain an honours degree. On the other hand, for a student to qualify for the award of MSc in Engineering, it is a must to complete and pass an engineering thesis which carries a weighting equivalent to about three full modules. The grade you get in your MSc thesis significantly contributes to the final degree classification, i.e., pass, merit or distinction and you cannot be awarded an MSc if you do not get the minimum pass mark for an engineering dissertation which is usually 50% in most institutions. Thus, the engineering final year project is probably the most important module that you will complete during your degree. It is also important to note that it is a requirement that a mechanical engineering dissertation must have significant technical and analytical content which shows that the student thoroughly understands the fundamentals of mechanical engineering. This article is a detailed, step-by-step guide on all you need to know about your mechanical engineering final year project. The article includes advice on mechanical engineering thesis topic selection, sample mechanical engineering thesis reports and all that you need to do in order to get a distinction in your mechanical engineering dissertation. We also provide a link to complete copies of sample mechanical engineering thesis which gives you access to a sample report and the corresponding materials like 3D CAD files, codes, simulation files and much more. Click on the link next to each sample project to access the materials. With access to these materials, you will have an easy time completing your mechanical engineering thesis. If you have your own unique topic or you need a custom report (done from scratch) similar to the sample projects provided, please place an order and we will be glad to work on it.  order mechanical engineering homework help now from

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Sample mechanical engineering thesis topics and files

In this section you, will find a list of mechanical engineering thesis topics you can select from. Some of the topics have a sample report and all the relevant files (report, 3D CAD files, simulation files, codes etc). Follow the link provided on the topic to access the materials. The sample report and project files will make your work very easy when working on your mechanical engineering thesis. You can still request a custom/new mechanical engineering thesis report for your selected topic. If you are interested in a topic that does not have a sample report and all the project materials, place an order for a custom report and we will be glad to help. We can also help you identify a mechanical engineering thesis title in your area of interest or advise you on the suitability of your selected mechanical engineering final year project title.

Thesis Topic
Project Brief
Sample Project FilesOrder custom report
CFD Analysis of Trombe WallsTrombe walls are sun-facing walls which act as large solar thermal collectors. This project will investigate the characteristics and heating performance of such walls which are often used to provide clean thermal energy in cold clear winter climates. It is expected that a commercial CFD package, either SolidWorks Flow Simulation or ANSYS CFX will be used to carry out the work. Validation of the CFD modelling work using available theoretical models is expected.View sample report, 3D CAD files and simulation files (SolidWorks and ANSYS CFX)ORDER NOW
Characterization Of Flow Around a Tidal Energy PlatformFloating tidal energy devices are a growing area of commercial activity, with a number of companies developing prototype devices. This project would simulate and investigate the flow of water around a simplified version of one such prototype, and comparing these results to existing data. The device consists of horizontal axis tidal turbines mounted to a set of floats via a
dedicated framework. The aim of this work would be to characterize the flow field, including
determination of turbine performance, comparing with existing experimental data and validation of the numerical model. The case study will provide experience in setting up and
solving a numerical model including; generating a geometric representation of the device,
identifying and implementing the required boundary and initial conditions, methods for discretizing the domain in readiness for solving the required fluid equations, running and monitoring the solving process, processing and analysing the results, also drawing
conclusions from analysis and recommending additional research
View sample report and simulation files (SolidWorks models and ANSYS FLUENT files)ORDER NOW
Investigation Of PV-Thermal System for Building Heat and Power SupplyThe proposed project aims to design and analyse a PV/thermal system that can be integrated into buildings to enable solar driven heat and power generation and supply. The major works involved are (1) Conceptual design of the PV/thermal system and its building integration approach; (2) computer modelling and optimisation of the system configuration and energy performance; (3) energy saving, economic and environmental benefits analyses.ORDER NOW
Quadcopter Blade Design and OptimizationThe primary aim of this project is to design and optimize quadcopter blades for more efficient flying. CFD method is applied in the design and optimisation of the quadcopter blade. ANSYS Workbench (Space Claim and FLUENT) will be used.View sample report and simulation files (Space Claim models and ANSYS FLUENT files)ORDER NOW
Investigation Of Acoustic Performance of An Industrial Expansion Silencer (Exhauster) An industrial expansion silencer (exhauster) may be termed a ‘transmission line filter’. It has broad noise stop bands, with the Transmission Loss (TL) peaking at frequencies where expansion length (L) is an odd multiple of quarter-wavelengths, and becoming zero at frequencies where L is an even number of half-wavelengths. The peak TL values are greater for larger values of larger areas of expansion. Acoustic wave interference effects are responsible for the behaviour of the expansion chamber. It must be noted that the expansion chamber does not absorb sound energy, but reflects it back to the sound source. It is a ‘reactive’ rather than a ‘dissipative’ device. In the computation of silencer performance, it is clearly preferable to implement a series of simple algorithms in sequence, rather than to involve cumbersome formulae. Therefore, two modelling approached may be employed; (1) the ‘scattering matrix’ approach, in which incident and reflected plane wave pressures on either side of a discontinuity in the pipe are related via scattering matrix and (2) ‘the four-pole matrix’ formulation, in which sound pressures and velocities on either side of a discontinuity or other element are related via a four-pole matrix. The main aim of this research work is to apply analytical and numerical methods to investigate the performance of an industrial expansion silencer and validate the results based on existing empirical results. ANSYS Harmonic Acoustics module will be used in the study.View sample report and simulation files (SolidWorks models and ANSYS files)ORDER NOW
Investigation Of Acoustic Performance of Combustion Chamber LinersThe interactions between air flows and combustion liners are the main source of combustion noise and hence cause instabilities in combustion. This can lead to decreases in engine performance, increased component vibration and increased failure rate due to crack propagation from the vibration occurring at high frequencies. This project investigates the optimisation of perforated liner design to attenuate noise through experimental methods and acoustic theoretical analysis of key effect variables. The purposes of the research project are to reduce the noise levels, increase burning efficiency and life span of a combustion chamber in a gas turbine. ANSYS (Harmonic Acoustics) will be used in the acoustics analysis.View sample report and simulation files (SolidWorks models and ANSYS files)ORDER NOW
Design Optimization of a Centrifugal Pump Using CFDCentrifugal pumps are widely used in both industrial and domestic applications. However, other pump types such as the positive displacement pump offer increased efficiency in some applications and have been preferred to the centrifugal pump. A study will be conducted so as to optimise the design and thus performance of
the centrifugal pump through the use of computational fluid dynamics. ANSYS workbench will be used in this analysis and the main ANSYS modules to be utilised include Vista CPD, BladeGen, Turbomachinery Fluid Flow, CFX-Pre, CFD-Post and Direct Optimization
View sample report and simulation files (ANSYS files, Excel spreadsheet)ORDER NOW
Evaluation of the Freeform Feature of PTC Creo ParametricThis study was meant to evaluate the freeform feature of PTC Creo Parametric by investigating its capabilities and advantages over the other modelling approach, and comparing the feature to similar and competing ones from other CAD systems like SolidWorks, NX, ProEngineer and CATIA.View sample report and CAD files (PTC Creo, SolidWorks, ProEngineer)ORDER NOW
Investigation of Flow Behaviour within the Transitional Regime using CFDThe recent years have seen much development in the field of Computational Fluid Dynamics. This is the application of computers to solve fluid problems. One of the advantages of CFD is the speed and the efficiency thereof. Again, after the final analysis, the application of CFD over the traditional methods is cheaper in the long run. Reynolds Osborne showed that depending on the value of Reynolds number, the flow can either be laminar or turbulent. There however exists an intermittent flow type, called transitional, where both flow characteristics exists. The behaviour of the flow within this region is therefore very unpredictable. In this research, the flow within this region was investigated. The influence of geometry on the properties was investigated.  This was by introducing a constriction and an obstacle in a smooth flow to produce turbulent effect and, unavoidably, transitional behaviour. The slow development and change in the flow streamlines to create vortices was observed. The geometry of the pipe had a major influence on the behaviour and the rate of dissipation of energy. The introduction of an obstacle reduced the maximum kinetic energy and also the point where it was observed. A pipe of diameter 0.12 m was used for this research. The velocity required to produce a near-critical-value Reynolds number calculated to 0.0385m/s.View sample report and ANSYS simulation filesORDER NOW
Design of an Ankle Foot OrthoticThis project involves the design of an Ankle Foot Orthotic, a device that helps rehabilitate feet affected by foot drop disorder by supporting the ankle joint in movements such as flexion, extension, abduction and adduction. Foot drop is the weakness of ankle dorsiflexion caused by injury of the dorsiflexors, neural pathway, diseased muscles or neurological disorders.
A person suffering from drop foot is unable to lift the foot off the ground. These patients can only lift the limb as if they are climbing up steps. The feet are also not able to initiate the stance phase as the forefoot touches the ground first. This affects the other gait phases and eventually the functioning of the other joints. As a result, tip toeing and running becomes difficult. This project involves the design of a device that will be used in the exercise by the patients suffering from this condition during the recovery period.
The aim of this project is to design an efficient, reliable and portable articulated ankle foot
orthotic with remote speed and direction control and actuated by an electric DC motor.
View sample report, codes and CAD files (SolidWorks and Arduino Code)ORDER NOW
Analysis And Design of Metal Pods Under Deep SeaThis study aims at design and analysis of a deep-sea pod that can be used to carry sonar equipment to the ocean for study of the aquatic life and any exploratory activities below the ocean surface up to 5000m.View sample report and simulation files (ANSYS)ORDER NOW
Design Of an Energy Efficient HVAC System for A Typical Office Building by Applying CFD Techniques The chief aim of the project is to come up with an energy efficient Heating, Ventilation and Airconditioning (HVAC) system for a typical office building. SolidWorks is to be used to create 3D models of the conditioned space while CFD simulations are done using ANSYS CFXView sample report, CAD and simulation files (SolidWorks and ANSYS files)ORDER NOW
Design Optimisation of a Shell and Tube Heat ExchangerThe aim of the project is to investigate the effect of baffles on the process of heat transfer in a shell and tube heat exchanger. 3D CAD modelling software (SolidWorks) and CFD Analysis software (ANSYS Fluent) to be used.View sample report, CAD and simulation files (SolidWorks and ANSYS files)ORDER NOW
Stress Analysis of Components of a Twin-Screw Gas CompressorThe principle aim of the project is to carry out Finite Element Analysis of the twin screw compressor through which the stress pattern/characteristics of different compressor components will be determinedView sample report, CAD and simulation files (SolidWorks and ANSYS files)ORDER NOW
Stress Analysis on Scroll Compressor ComponentsA scroll compressor refers to an orbital motion, positive-displacement machine that compresses a fluid using two interfitting, spiral-shaped scroll members. During the compression
process, the compressor is subjected to pressure and heat deformations of the key components. In this respect, the mechanics or the structural analysis of the major components is important. The current literature focuses more on the thermodynamic as well as the geometric aspect of the scroll
compressor. There is need to consider, in addition to these aspects, the mechanics or structural
aspect. This can be done using computer aided (CAE) analysis. This project seeks to apply CAE
analysis to perform stress analysis of scroll compressor main components for optimized design.
View sample report, CAD and simulation files (SolidWorks and ANSYS files)ORDER NOW
CFD Analysis of Aerodynamic Brakes in Race CarsThis project seeks to develop a new feature in race car design which will be attached to the
bonnet of the race car. The feature will be in the form of a flab which will greatly aid during braking of the race car. The flab will be retractable, such that it will only be operational during
braking of the race car. By doing so, the flab will increase drag force during braking thus
enabling to reduce the braking force required as well as help to improve the overall braking performance of the race car. The aim of the project is to apply CFD to carry out a detailed analysis on the aerodynamics of a race car in relation to brake
performance improvement.
View sample report, CAD and simulation files (SolidWorks and ANSYS files)ORDER NOW
Development And Validation of CFD And Aerodynamic Model for An F1-Race Car.The key aim of this project is to carry out a CFD analysis of a race car 3D model, investigating the effect of the varying drag reduction add-on devices on the aerodynamic performance of a F1-race car. The project aims to propose a rear wing design which can be used for an F1-race car.View sample report, CAD and simulation files (SolidWorks and ANSYS files)ORDER NOW
A Simulation Package for The Optimization of Engine PerformanceDevelop a simulation package for the Otto cycle which can be used as a teaching aid and which can also be applied in the optimization of a petrol engine’s performanceView sample report and simulation files (Excel Spreadsheet)ORDER NOW
Design Of a Monocoque Canopy for A BicycleCurrently, bicycle transport is arguably a popular mode of transport over short distances in most cities around the world. The major drawback with this mode of transport has been the fact that it is almost impossible to use in adverse weather conditions for instance in a snowy, extremely windy and rainy conditions. The main aim of this project, therefore, is to address the vulnerability of bicycle transport to adverse weather conditions. The new monocoque canopy frame is to be designed to reduce frontal drag, carry some of the rider’s load and provide maximum protection to the rider against weather agents like rain, intense sunshine, windy conditions and snowfall. natural frequencies of the new monocoque frame will be calculated ensure that they will not be excited in normal use on typical surfaces like potholes, speedbumps, drain covers or pavements.View sample report, CAD and simulation filesORDER NOW
Tractor-Trailer AerodynamicsIt is well established that under high wind speeds (gusts)crosswind conditions , sudden change in vehicle aerodynamic forces can affect vehicle dynamics and stability. Large class vehicles, in particular, are more prone to rollover accidents in strong crosswind situations, especially at cruising speeds. It is therefore essential to conduct detailed investigations on the aerodynamic performance of commercial vehicles under crosswind conditions in order to improve their crosswind stability.ORDER NOW
Global Warming -Science or ReligionA critical review of the evidence currently being put forward as implying that burning fossil fuels is the major contributory factor to alleged global warming. What is the evidence? - Is there any proof for individual pieces? - Does it fit together or are individual pieces contradictory?ORDER NOW
A Critical Review of Recycling A critical review of current policy - does it save material resource and/or energy or does it lead to even greater consumption of both?ORDER NOW
A Critical Review of Energy Audit Energy accounting/auditing– is it possible? – given the complexity of modern industrial products,
is it possible to account for total energy use in the life of any product or are the inaccuracies involved too high to make the study worthwhile?
Direct Steering System for A Tilting Vehicle One of the main contributing factors when balancing tilting vehicles, such as a bicycle or
motorcycle is the counter-steering input from the rider. When attempting to negotiate a
right hand corner, for example, the rider will apply a small steering input to the left, which will cause the bicycle to tilt to the right so that the lateral forces generated by the
tyres and the gravitational force of the bicycle and rider are balanced.
Narrow track vehicles that tilt in corners like motorcycles are a possibility for future
transport concepts. Such vehicles would use standard car type controls, including a steering wheel, which is expected to provide direct steering input (i.e., turning the steering wheel in a clockwise motion would result in the vehicle turning right). This project will
provide a model that will correctly translate the direct steering input for a chosen path to the counter-steering control required to tilt the vehicle. It is envisaged that this project will be simulation based.
Four-Wheel Steering; Is It Worth It?This project aims to investigate the benefits and drawbacks of four-wheel steering systems, which have been toyed with by automotive manufacturers for many years. Those that have the option of 4WS on cars talk about benefits in terms of stability at high speed and manoeuvrability at low speed, but if these benefits are so great, why don’t all cars have 4WS? The aim of the project is to make a model of a 4WS car and compare the influence of 4WS on the vehicle dynamics versus conventional cars.ORDER NOW
Two-Wheel Drive MotorcycleIn addition to their off-road capabilities, cars with all-wheel or four-wheel drive offer traction advantages on both the road and race track. Can the same be said for a two-wheel drive motorcycle? This project will investigate past attempts to integrate two-wheel drive into motorcycles before going to developing a conceptual design, selecting materials, conducting design calculations and designing and assembly in CAD.ORDER NOW
Human Powered Vehicle Land Speed Record (LSR)The current land speed record for a human powered vehicle is 89.59 mph. The aim of this project is to design and develop a proposal for a human powered vehicle that has the potential to beat this record. This project would involve investigating aerodynamics, transmission and overall design of the vehicle including modelling and simulation.ORDER NOW
Energy Storage Exercise EquipmentAn average run on an exercise bike will at least generate 100W on the pedals. One can use 100W to light 5 to 8 CFL bulbs. In rural areas in some parts of the world where there is no grid electricity, bicycle dynamos are used to power televisions. The aim of this project is however, to develop a methodology through which electricity can be generated when exercise equipment is being used and to store or supply back to the grid without any loss of functionality of the exercise equipment. An exercise bike or a treadmill is an ideal starting piece of exercise equipment for this project. The aim is not just to attach a dynamo to an exercise bike, but to develop a complete strategy that maximises the harnessing of energy and to combine different exercise equipment together.ORDER NOW
Wing With Serrated Trailing Edges for Improving Aerodynamic PerformanceWings with serrated trailing edges can be found in stealth aircraft such as the B-1 bomber. The primary function for this stealth design feature is to increase radar deflection. However, there has been growing
interests in recent years to use saw-tooth shaped trailing edge serrations to improve aerodynamic
performance and noise reduction. This project involves CFD study using ANSYS to study low speed aerofoil with trailing edge serrations. The aim of the experiment is to determine the effects of the serrations on lift
and drag characteristics at low speed and high angle of attack. Flow structures from the wakes of a serrated trailing edge will be studied.
Flow Control of Wings Using Micro-Vortex GeneratorsThe boundary layers on the surfaces of wings are prone to flow separation at high angle of attack. MicroVortex Generators were developed by NASA to improve the aircraft performance. They are inexpensive devices consisting of small fins installed across the wing span at the trailing edge or leading edge. Each fin generates a mini tornado or a vortex that re-energizes the boundary layer. They can delay the boundary layer flow separation and increase the lift-to drag ratio. The micro-vortex generators have been in mass production for different types of aircraft. This project involves Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study of a generic swept wing with and without micro-vortex generators.ORDER NOW
Advanced Joined-wing DesignsJoined wings (also known as box or bi-diamond wings) consist of two sets of wings joined together at the wing tips. This configuration replaces an aircraft’s vertical and horizontal tail planes. The idea was first patented by Julian Wolkovitch in 1980s. The tandem wings can be a combination of sweepback wings
coupled with forward swept wings. Student will be expected to conduct a critical overview of the future generation aircraft designs (Boeing, NASA, Lockheed-Martin) adapting the advance joined-wing concept.
Wind tunnel measurements of forward and backward swept joined wings will be conducted to obtain
aerodynamics characteristics such as lift, drag, pitching moment and stalling behaviour. This project involves Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study of a simplified, generic join-wing model.
CFD Analysis of Building-Integrated Wind TurbinesWhen wind blows at right angles to the face of a tall building considerable pressure differences can be generated between the upstream and downstream faces. This project will explore the potential of integrated ducted wind turbines for exploiting such pressure differences. It is expected that a commercial CFD package, either SolidWorks Flow Simulation or ANSYS CFX will be used to carry out the work. Validation of the CFD modelling work using available theoretical models is expected.ORDER NOW
House Heating by Solar Energy In UKAlthough solar radiation in the UK is not as high as in many other countries, it still offers considerable
potential for exploitation. The annual solar radiation in the UK is still over 100 times the total national energy consumption. House heating accounts for about 30% of this consumption and so, in principle, only 0.3% of the available solar energy could supply the entire house heating in the UK thereby reducing both the total energy consumption and the CO2 emissions by 30%. An important reason for the poor take-up of solar energy in the UK is technical: the need to store energy over the long period from summer to winter. There is generally an abundance of heat in the summer and a shortage in winter. The excess thermal energy in summer is sometimes removed by air-conditioning, while the winter shortage is often generated by fossil fuels. Both of these energy transactions increase energy consumption and CO2 emissions. This project will investigate: The existing techniques for energy storage; Analyse the advantages and disadvantages of these techniques; Design a heat storage system for house heating in winter. It is expected to use Cosmos FloWorks or ANSYS CFX to carry out the simulation; investigate the feasibility of using phase changing materials (PCM) for energy storage.
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What are the Learning Outcomes for a Mechanical Engineering Thesis?

The engineering final year project is an opportunity for students to demonstrate their ability to independently carry out a substantial project from specification through to completion. It helps the student develop and practice many of the attributes required of a modern

professional engineer including project planning, project management and presentation of

progress and results. A mechanical engineering thesis is meant to help you demonstrate the ability to do the following:

  1. Plan a substantial project
  2. Carry out preliminary study
  3. Organise the acquisition of necessary equipment and components
  4. Liaise with staff and other students
  5. Set a number of targets
  6. Work independently to attain the targets
  7. Communicate progress with a supervisor
  8. Reorganise plan to accommodate unforeseen problems
  9. Complete the work in time
  10. Present an oral and written report of the work

Types of mechanical engineering dissertation/thesis

Mechanical engineering final year projects can be classified into various categories depending on how you obtain your research data. The two main categories of mechanical engineering final year projects are practical mechanical engineering final year projects and theoretical mechanical engineering final year projects.

Practical mechanical engineering thesis

In a practical mechanical engineering dissertation, the student relies on primary research, that is, you obtain the data yourself. A practical mechanical engineering final year project can further be classified as “Design, build and test or experimental ” projects, modelling of an engineering process, Detailed design of an engineering system and preparation and testing of computer software.

Design, Build and Test or Experimental Mechanical Engineering Thesis

This type of mechanical engineering final year project involves designing a physical engineering component, building a prototype and thereafter testing it. This is the most intensive and time-consuming type of mechanical engineering final year project. It requires excellent time management skills and discipline in order to complete it successfully. You need to start early to avoid late submission or submitting incomplete work. Before you decide on this type of engineering thesis, ascertain the availability and accessibility of experimental equipment and work space.  

Although experimental mechanical engineering final year projects are intensive, they will impart you with lots of engineering technical skills which include assessing project requirements and creating product design specifications, using computer-aided design/modelling software, using various engineering equipment to manufacture an engineering product, liaising with suppliers to source for materials, producing and implementing designs and test procedures, testing, evaluating, modifying and re-testing products, analysing and interpreting data; writing reports and documentation among others. Sample experimental mechanical engineering final year projects are given here.

Modelling Of an Engineering Process

Mechanical engineering thesis types that involve modelling of an engineering process are mainly focused on improving and optimising manufacturing processes by applying numerical simulation tools hence achieving better products with regard to process selection, material selection, geometry among others. Typical manufacturing processes that can be modelled include 3D printing (additive manufacturing), casting and composites manufacturing etc. An example of such a mechanical engineering dissertation could be application of lean manufacturing concepts to a specific engineering process in order to build quality in the manufactured product while at the same time eliminating wastes. This mechanical engineering final year project type is interdisciplinary as it applies multiple concepts such as process technology, fluid mechanics, solid mechanics, materials science and thermodynamics etc.

Detailed Design of An Engineering System

Mechanical engineering final year projects involving design of an engineering system aim at applying mechanical engineering principles to design complex engineering systems that are reliable, cost-effective, efficient and with minimum environmental impacts. For example, the project may entail applying principles of thermodynamics and heat transfer in the design of advanced energy conversion systems for power generation or designing an optimised heat exchanger for a certain application. This mechanical engineering thesis type requires the student to clearly state the function of the system (what the system can fulfil e.g., system to harness both thermal and electrical energy from solar (solar PVT), provide system specifications and have a clear evaluation criterion. Evaluation criteria are the design objectives meant to minimise limitations of the engineering system while at the same time increasing the system benefits.

Preparation And Testing of Computer Software

This type of mechanical engineering dissertation entails developing and testing a custom computer software which can be used as a teaching aid, for simulation and engineering analysis or for computer aided design. It may also involve creating Machine Learning (ML) algorithms for predicting engineering processes and behaviour. Examples of mechanical engineering thesis that involve preparation and testing of computer software are given in this article.

Theoretical or Research Oriented Mechanical Engineering Final Year Projects

A theoretical mechanical engineering dissertation focuses on secondary research or literature review. In this case, you review relevant published scholarly sources such as peer reviewed journal articles, previous mechanical engineering dissertations and use the findings in those sources to make a conclusion about a specific engineering issue. You can decide to compare and contrast research by other authors in order to establish gaps for future study or apply their findings to a practical situation.

How to select a mechanical engineering thesis topic

Selecting your mechanical engineering dissertation topic is an important task that you must undertake before working on your final year project. As discussed above, a mechanical engineering thesis may be practical, theoretical or a combination of both. In all cases, before selecting the thesis topic, careful consideration should be given crucial factors like relevance of the topic to mechanical engineering course coverage, complexity of the problem to be undertaken, your interests and career aspirations, and the availability of a willing supervisor. It is worth noting that although proper final year project selection may not guarantee high marks, it certainly increases the probability of success in your project. If you need help in selecting your mechanical engineering thesis topic, you can check sample projects here or contact us. Mechanical engineering final year project selection may be in one of the following ways:

Mechanical Engineering Thesis from The Published List of Project Topics Provided by The Members of Academic Staff

In most institutions, university academic staff propose projects to reflect their consultancy, research, teaching or laboratory development interest. The project titles are compiled and published for students to choose from. Each topic on the list usually has a brief summary of what the project entails and the contact details of the supervisor who suggested the topic. If you are interested in any of the suggested thesis topics, it is upon you to contact the supervisor and get more information about it. The biggest advantage with this type of thesis topic selection is that in most cases, the other students will have worked on the same project in previous years. Thus, you will be able to identify challenges that they encountered and how they tackled them.   

Mechanical Engineering Thesis Topic from A Student’s Own Idea

You may propose a final year project based on your own specific interest or inventive talents. The issue problem you intend to tackle should be selected with great care. Whilst ideas for the engineering thesis may come in a flash of inspiration, it is more likely that you will already have a rough idea of what you want to do, based perhaps on your working experience (if any) or your daily activities. The easiest way to select a suitable engineering thesis topic that will guarantee success is to view a list of sample mechanical engineering dissertations that have been done in the past. A website like has a list of mechanical engineering final year projects that you can choose from. In addition, it gives you access to the sample final engineering thesis report for the selected topic as well as the relevant simulation files, 3D CAD models and codes that were used when completing the project. Having access to the final report and simulation files can make your work really simple and guarantee success in your project.

Mechanical Engineering Thesis Topic from A Sponsoring Company

Mechanical engineering thesis topics may also be provided by external companies and this is highly encouraged to increase industry relevance of the module. However, industry-generated projects may have some problems such as commercial security, difficulties of assessment and satisfactory liaison with the company among others. Nonetheless, if the project is carefully chosen and there is full commitment from both the company and the university, the problems are easily overcome.

Mechanical Engineering Final Year Project Deliverables

In order to ascertain the extent to which you have met the learning outcomes of the final year project module, you are assessed against various deliverables. There may be a slight variation between universities but the main deliverables are as outlined below:

Mechanical Engineering Project Proposal & Risk and Ethics Assessment/Plan Report/Scope

After submitting and obtaining approval for your project idea, you will be required to submit a project proposal. The name of this deliverable varies from one university to the other but the content is almost the same. In some cases, it is referred to a scope report, project plan report or simply proposal report. When submitting your mechanical engineering project proposal, you may also be required to submit a risk and ethics assessment form. A project proposal has an abstract which provide a clear and concise summary of the project proposal for a busy reader; an introduction chapter which includes motivation for undertaking the project, objectives of the project and significance of the project; the proposed approach (methodology); timeline or project plan; risk and ethics assessment; conclusion and references. Detailed explanation of what these chapters entail will be discussed in the project format section. However, risk assessment, project plan/timeline and ethics assessment are unique to this section and will be discussed here.

Risk Assessment for An Engineering Thesis Proposal

It is usually recommended and, in some cases, mandatory to provide a thorough assessment of the likely risks associated with the project. The risk assessment includes both risk for access to resource, general risks affecting the delivery of the project and health and safety. In this case, State the plausibility of each risk. Provide risk management strategies to eliminate or mitigate the risks discussed. Also, determine whether or not the proposed risk management strategies are plausible and reasonable. The general risk assessment procedure is as follows:

Step 1 – Identify the hazards and associated risks
Divide the project into specific tasks. For each task, identify the hazards and associated risks.
Step 2 – Identify the current risk treatments

Risk treatment is a process of implementing measures to reduce the risks associated with a hazard. In this step, you should identify the existing risk treatments that are in place to mitigate the identified risks.

Step 3 – Analyse and calculate the risk

In this step you are supposed to first consider the consequences of the identified risk, then consider the likelihood of the risk and finally calculate the risk.

Step 4 – Additional risk treatments and risk acceptance
In this step, any additional risk treatments should be identified that will reduce the overall level of risk. The remaining level of risk (residual risk) should be of such a nature that the resulting level of likelihood and consequence are acceptable for the risk owner. A risk calculator or risk assessment template is provided here. You can download and use it for conducting risk assessment for your engineering thesis. Please note that risk assessment varies with the type of mechanical engineering final year project. A sample risk assessment for an experimental engineering thesis is given here. Also, a sample risk assessment for a theoretical or design-based mechanical engineering final year project is provided here. You can download and use them as guides. Please note that The Activity Overall Risk Rating must be LOW. Activities with an Overall Risk Rating of MODERATE or above must be accompanied by a Risk Management Plan. However, the risks must be reduced to As Low As Reasonably Practicable and the Risk Assessment must been reviewed and approved by the project supervisor.

Project Timeline/Plan for A Mechanical Engineering Thesis

When creating your engineering thesis timeline or plan, provide a clear description of a well thought out project timeline. The use of a Gantt chart is highly recommended. Determine whether or not the proposed timeline is realistic. Identify and discuss all items on the critical path. Note that this timeline covers the entire project in both semesters. A sample Gantt chart for a mechanical engineering thesis is attached. The most common tools for creating a professional engineering thesis Gantt chart include Microsoft Projects and Ganttproject. Ganttproject is free of charge, easy to use and is small in size.

Ethics Assessment for A Mechanical Engineering Thesis

You should address any ethic issues arising from your project work (this is required in all project
reports). For students in UK universities, the engineering ethics are guided by four fundamental principles based on the Royal Academy of Engineering’s document “Statement of Ethical
“. The principles are:

  • Accuracy and Rigour
  • Honesty and Integrity
  • Respect for Life, Law and the Public Good
  • Responsible Leadership: Listening and Informing

When carrying out ethics assessment, you should concentrate on the potential impact of your work, rather than your own honesty etc. Unless your project requires specific ethic approval, a typical ethics assessment is simply a general discussion relating to the project topic. Concentrate on the most relevant issues, rather than trying to find something to fit every possible point

Mechanical Engineering Thesis Interim Report or Progression Report

A mechanical engineering interim report which can also be known as mechanical engineering progress report is aimed at monitoring your project through the thesis. It is usually about 15 to 30 pages depending on your institution. The appropriate length of the report may also depend on the type of mechanical engineering thesis that you have selected. If you have any doubts or questions about the length please discuss this with your supervisor. Your progress report gives evidence of research and technical progress towards objectives as well as monitoring of the project plan and management of any adjustments to the project direction. By evaluating the interim report, the supervisor can keep track of what work you have completed and what is still to be completed, and identifying any weaknesses where further development may be needed. Your mechanical engineering thesis interim report is an early opportunity for your supervisor to assess your progress and to provide feedback. By the time you submit the interim report, you should, by now, have a clear idea in terms of what you are doing, why you are doing it, and how you are doing it. You should also bear in mind when writing your mechanical engineering thesis progress report that its purpose is to report the results obtained so far, and to show whether:

  1.  The stated project objectives are being met
  2. The project is proceeding on schedule
  3. You are managing the project in the best possible way
  4. There are any previously unforeseen problems that require attention.

In order to achieve the learning outcomes of the progress report, your report should state how far you have progressed with each of the activities that you planned, whether you are on schedule, and discuss any problems which you have encountered or can see in the future. Typical chapters of your mechanical engineering thesis progress report include abstract, Table of Contents, Introduction chapters (aim and objectives, motivation, and significance of the project), Background or Literature Review chapter, Proposed Approach chapter (methodology), Preliminary Results and Discussions, Conclusion, References and appendices (if any). By using the above chapters, the supervisor is able to verify what has been completed. It is also advisable to include a Gantt chart showing what work has been completed. If you have not completed activities scheduled to have been done you should say why not, and explain how you will fit the activity into your future work.

Mechanical Engineering Dissertation Final Report

The final thesis report is the single most important deliverable which must be submitted. Since the final report is relatively long, you should ensure that you start writing the report several weeks before the deadline. The exact structure of the report will vary according to the nature of your project but it must comply with the project handbook or guide which usually varies from one university to the other. Nonetheless, the main chapters of an engineering thesis final report are nearly the same. Before submitting the final copy of your engineering dissertation final report, you should check the following:

  1. Does the report have proper tenses, grammar, spelling, and punctuation?
  2. Are the project objectives clearly stated? Have they been fulfilled?
  3. Is the referencing well done and consistent throughout the report?
  4. Does the abstract give a clear idea of what has is in the Final Report?
  5. Is the literature review sufficient and relevant to the project? Does it indicate the current state-of-the-art?
  6. Is your methodology appropriate for the task? Is there any evidence in support of the methodology?
  7. Are any limitations of the study clearly presented?
  8. Are the results clearly presented?
  9. Are conclusions based on evidence? Have any claims been made which cannot be

The appropriate length of the report is not straightforward. However, you project handbook/guide will have information on the expected length. Nonetheless, the length of an engineering thesis report depends to some extent on nature of the work. The report must be fit for purpose and optimised to be as effective as possible in the doing task for which it was created. In this case the task is to convey to the reader (marker) the work done on the project, placing it clearly in the context of the topic background, motivation and requirements. From the assessment point of view the aim is show to the marker the academic and technical competence of the student, demonstrating the project was conducted in a professional manner. The report should be written so that it can be read and absorbed by an engineer having a basic knowledge of the subject. An engineering thesis report will be regarded to be too short if it does not convey the learning outcomes for example, significant details on how the project was implemented were left out, or there was insufficient background to place the work in its proper context. On the other hand, an engineering dissertation report can be regarded as excessively large if it has too much detail, so that the reader is overburdened with unnecessary information or it contains irrelevant details. An excessively large final report may be penalised. Stick to the project handbook guidelines. If necessary, ask for advice from your supervisor on what details / level of detail to include in different areas.

PowerPoint Presentation (Slides or Poster)

Presentation which can be in the form of slides or poster gives students experience in preparing and presenting a concise oral description of their work with visual aids. Most universities provide the standard presentation template which must be used by all students. A well-prepared engineering final year project presentation provides a concise overview of your project. It should precisely deliver the essential elements of the project and should be laid out to make comprehension of the essential elements of the project straightforward. It should be attractive in the sense that it draws an audience to it and invites further questions. Try to make the poster as visually appealing and engaging as possible such that you grab the viewer’s interest. Ensure you include plenty of diagrams and figures/images and do not clutter your poster with too much text. It should demonstrate excellent content and technical achievement. The poster should be logically constructed and present content at the appropriate level. You will need to demonstrate that you have an in‐depth knowledge and understanding of your project. Also, do not presume that the majority of viewers will be specialists in your field, so try to provide sufficient background and explanation for them to follow your poster.

Your project presentation slides or poster should be typed in a clear bold print that can be easily read from distances of around 1 – 2 metres with the title displayed in a large font at the top of the poster. The chapter titles like Introduction or Background, Objectives, Methodology, Results and Conclusion(s) etc should be in bold and distinguishable. The size of the title and normal text will depend on poster size as stipulated in the Guidelines on Poster Presentation which are usually provided together with the project handbook. Use your own judgement. Do not use too large or too small font size. Avoid too much text. If you cannot fit everything you wish in, you need to assess the risks of using smaller font size. You may be able to put more information in it but will it aid your presentation? It advisable to use no more than 4 different colours, and try to match the main colour theme. In addition to the main content, you must include your project title, your name, student ID and name of your supervisor.

Oral Presentation/Examination (Viva) of Your Mechanical Engineering Thesis

In the oral presentation/examination (Viva) you will be asked questions by your assessor, supervisor and panel members. You will be assessed on the responses which you give to questions and the understanding which you demonstrate regarding your project and its content. When presenting, ensure that you appear confident and enthusiastic and speak clearly with good use of gestures and eye contact. Try not to read your presentation from prepared notes. Do not forget to engage with your audience. You will need to demonstrate that you have the ability to generate interest and also to interpret and answer questions in a way that provides useful additional insights into your work.

Structure Or Format of The Mechanical Engineering Thesis Final Report

A typical example of the general format of your engineering thesis report is shown below:

  1. Title page or Cover Page

Most universities provide a title page template for engineering thesis. You should closely follow the template without changing the format or layout. Typical contents of a title page include:

  • Unit Code and Title
  • Project Title
  • Student Name and Student Number
  • Name of your Degree and Specialisation
  • Name of the University and the School
  • Date of Submission
  • Supervisor Name at the bottom of the page
  1. Disclaimer or Author Declaration

The wordings are usually provided in the project handbook.

  1. Abstract

It should provide a clear and concise summary of the project for a busy reader. Abstract should be self‐contained. It should enable a reader to quickly assess the subject matter of the report, to learn the essentials of the work carried out and the principal conclusions. It is used to give a clear picture of the aims and methods, and to summarise briefly the principal conclusions. It is intended to provide a frame of reference that will allow the nature of the project to be appreciated quickly. It is quite difficult to illustrate in a few words what your project set out to do. You may need several attempts before you achieve a sufficiently brief, informative Abstract. It is recommended that you write this section last, to ensure that it accurately reflects what is in the main body of the Engineering Thesis Final Report. You should not include figures, tables, or references in Abstract.

  1. Table of Contents

This section helps the reader to follow your structure and easily navigate to different section of your report. Check this YouTube video on How to Create Table of Contents in your report.

  1. List of Figures and Tables

All figures, graphs and tables in your engineering thesis report must be numbered, given a title/caption, identified sequentially and referred to in the text. Check this YouTube video on How to Create List of Figures or How to Create List of Tables in your report.

  1. List of appendices

List the appendices here if available in the report.

  1. Acknowledgements

This is an acknowledgement by the author of help given or work carried out by any other person or organisation

Chapter 1: Introduction

The introduction of a mechanical engineering dissertation should provide the reader with a clear idea of the issue under investigation and its importance, and such information as when and where it was carried out if that is not already obvious. This section should be as brief as possible, but should provide the reader with the necessary background information to give the setting of the investigation. Bear in mind your readers and how familiar they may or may not be with the situation. The introduction sets out the background to the project, states the problem investigated, notes the central focus of the investigation and mentions the proposed contribution to practical or theoretical issues. Therefore, the main subsections of the introduction chapter are:

  • Motivation

This provides the reason for undertaking this engineering final year project and explains why the project is important. In this subsection, it is important to give sufficient background information and describe the current state of the art.

  • Objectives

Under this subsection, define the objectives of the engineering dissertation. Identify the scope and the assumption. State the requirements (e.g., customer requirements, product requirements, system requirements, algorithm requirements, etc.)

  • Significance

The significance subsection of the engineering thesis introduction chapter gives the expected benefits of this project. Explain how the objectives will advance the current state of the art.

Chapter 2: Background/ Literature Review

Literature review is an important chapter in engineering dissertation as it explains the context and background of the study. Theoretical or research oriented mechanical engineering thesis require a more detailed review of previous work compared to practical mechanical engineering thesis. In your literature review, it is important to set the scene and place the work in context so as to prepare the reader for what is to follow. If the project is one which has been done by other students in previous years it would usually be expected that this work will be critically reviewed to help define the starting point for the new project. Literature review also enables you to identify the gaps on the topic. Literature review findings also provide a means for verification and validation of your project results. Please note that the material to be reviewed must be selected such that only books and journal articles which relate directly to the topic are included. Remember to provide a summary of the literature review in a paragraph or two, clearly mentioning the main findings from the review.

Chapter 3:  Methodology

Depending on the type of your mechanical engineering thesis, this section may involve design of a product, model, test program, computer simulation, manufacture and development of a product etc. When writing the methodology chapter for your mechanical engineering dissertation, divide the project into a set of specific tasks and identify the appropriate and innovative approach to carry out each of these tasks. These tasks will vary depending on the type of engineering thesis. For theoretical or research orientated mechanical engineering final year projects, the methodology should identify the databases and bodies of literature that will drive the review and the approach that will be developed. For modelling and design-based engineering final year projects, identify the computing resources that will be used, or the platform for the development of any new software as well as the tools that will be required. For the experimental engineering dissertations, describe the equipment and specific techniques that have been employed. When proposing your methodology, you must first ascertain the availability and accessibility of experimental equipment, computing resources, work space, and so on

Chapter 4: Results

This is the heart of the Mechanical Engineering Thesis Final Report and will consist of text, graphs, tables and figures, depending on the type of the project. Raw data generated or obtained during project implementation should be given in this section and if voluminous should be placed in an appendix. Derived results appearing in the main text should then refer to the raw data. The way results are presented is important. Tables, charts, graphs and other figures should illustrate and illuminate the text. The text derived from the results should not duplicate information in the tables and figures. It should highlight the significant aspects of the findings, so that all relevant facts are presented in a way that draws the reader’s attention to what is most important.

Chapter 5: Discussion of Results

This section begins by first restating the problem that your mechanical engineering thesis addresses before discussing how the results affect existing knowledge of the subject. The following are some of the guidelines when writing your discussion:

  1. Try to present the principles, relationships and generalisation shown by the results.
  2. Point out any exceptions or lack of correlation; define unsettled points.
  3. Show how your results and interpretations agree or contrast with findings from the review of previous work.
  4. Discuss the engineering issues of the work, as well as any practical applications.

Chapter 6: Conclusions

Before writing the conclusions chapter of your engineering dissertation, read through the whole report and take note of the main points.  Only conclusions that can be justifiably drawn from the results should be made, and avoid including an opinion for which no evidence is provided in the report. Readers who want a quick idea of what the project is about will look at the abstract, possibly the introduction and almost certainly at the conclusions. Therefore, this section should be clearly expressed to enable readers to readily understand what work has been done and the conclusions that have been drawn from the results. Should state clearly what you have achieved and, in particular, whether you have fulfilled the aims and objectives of the project. If not, you should summarise why not.

Chapter 7:  Suggestions for Further Work or Recommendations

This section includes the main aspects of the project that require further development. Each aspect has to be covered in sufficient depth and be supported by argument. Many projects are continued by other students the following year, so this section should provide them with good guidance on what the next steps should be. This is an important section as the examiners often use this information to see how much you have learnt during the project.


Adequate and relevant references (scholarly and of good quality) should be provided with complete details and in a consistent and correct format. Ensure all references are cited properly in text. All references must have a corresponding in‐text citation. All facts that are not either common knowledge to engineers, or statements of your actions, findings or assumptions must be referenced. Use the referencing style recommended in your project handbook. Please consult your supervisor when in doubt.


Appendices should include items which are required for reference purposes, but which would clutter the main body of the engineering thesis final report. Appendices should contain material that may disturb the smooth reading of the report. Other documents like catalogues and technical data sheets should not be included unless they are likely to be unavailable to the reader (e.g., from online sources etc.)  – provide a reference(s) instead.

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