Electrical Engineering Thesis

Introduction To Electrical Engineering Thesis

This article provides detailed information regarding what an electrical engineering thesis is, how to select your electrical engineering thesis topic, how to prepare and run your project, the assessment process as well as sample engineering thesis topics. In summary, this article has the information you need to successfully complete your electrical engineering final year project. The article also gives a list of sample electrical engineering thesis and a corresponding link to sample thesis reports, circuit simulation files, codes and many more. The project files can be found here. The project list provided in this article gives a brief description of the project, a list of the available files as well as a link to the website where you can access the files. Click the link provided next to the sample project to access the materials. Obtaining these files (codes, circuit simulation etc) will enable you finish your electrical engineering thesis without a struggle. You can also order a custom electrical engineering dissertation for the selected topic and we will be glad to assist you.

Your dissertation is an important piece of individual and independent work. It can be the most exciting and challenging piece of work you do at university, since you are able to research a topic of interest to you in some depth. The electrical engineering dissertation is different from electrical engineering coursework, because it is a much larger piece of work, and you have a lot more freedom about the topic and approach. You will be assessed on how you manage your electrical engineering final year project, as well as on the report and presentation to examiners. An electrical engineering thesis is a substantial piece of work in which you can demonstrate your ability to propose and solve problems. It requires you to become familiar with the research process, as well as developing and presenting a detailed academic argument. The work associated with an electrical engineering dissertation will generally call on you to decide on a research problem, thoroughly review relevant work in the, carry out the research and analysis, and draw conclusions. Generally, the work associated with the thesis depends on the type of electrical engineering thesis selected.

Sample Electrical and Electronics Engineering Thesis Topics with All Project Files

Sample electrical and electronics engineering thesis topics are listed here. Some of the listed topics have a report and all the project files such as codes, wiring diagrams and circuit simulations. Click on the provided link in order to access the materials to help you in your electrical engineering thesis completion. You can also order a custom copy of the project for the selected topic. If you have your own unique electrical engineering final year project topic and you want our assistance, please make an order or contact us and we will help you. For urgent inquiry, send a WhatsApp message to: +44 7402 321788

Thesis Topic
Project Brief
Sample Project FilesOrder custom report
safety improvement of steam production unit in petrol products company

In this project, a safety hazard at a steam generating plant of SABIC (Saudi Basic Industries Corporation) was identified. Read more

The hazard identified was an implosion of a water storage tank due to pressure imbalance in the tank. The implosion or explosion of tank due to pressure imbalances is hazardous as it can result in injuries and fatalities in the plant. In this project therefore a model has been developed to detect any dangerous changes in pressure in the tank either due to leaks from the tank or overfilling of the tank that would result in pressure changes in the tank. The system then automatically controls the pressure by allowing water to flow into the tank or by opening the pressure release valve or by opening the outlet valve to allow release of pressure from the tank. The system designed uses both feedback and feedforward control systems to do this. Using Simulink to simulate this designed system, the results show that the designed system takes 33.48 seconds to settle to the final value in case of any changes in the input or in case of a step disturbance to the system. Also the system response has no offset from the final value this being proof of the precise control of the designed model. Another point of interest in this project is the occurrence of cavitation in water pumps. An in-depth study has been done to identify the causes of cavitation and its effects on the pump output. A system has then been proposed to monitor and detect cavitation in a pump. However due to the limitation of time and resources this model could not be created or simulated and thus only theoretical analysis was done for this proposed model. This project therefore goes a long way in decreasing accidents that may happen at SABIC tanks due to pressure imbalances and it also proposes a method for monitoring of cavitation in pumps.

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Dynamic speed control of a DC motor using MATLAB Simulink

In this project, a system has been designed, modelled and simulated for the speed regulation of a separately excited DC motor under dynamic conditions of reference speed and mechanical input toque. Read more

The DC motor is supplied from a DC source through a chopper that is made up of a free-wheeling diode and a gate turn off thyristor. A speed controller made from a PI controller is used to compare the DC motor speed and reference speed then generate a current reference in case of a deviation between the two speeds. The reference current is compared to the armature current by a current controller that also has a PI controller and the current difference if any is used to fire the chopper which then supplies the DC motor with a DC voltage. From the results it has been shown that the modelled DC motor follows the reference speed with a high accuracy even during speed and load changes. It has also been shown that the armature current is directly proportional to the load torque up to the rated speed. The speed was however found to have an inverse relationship with the load torque. Therefore an increase in the load torque resulted in a decrease in the DC motor speed. Manufacturers and other users of DC motors in appliances such as in robot and home appliances such as fans would find this project significant as the DC motor speed can be kept constant at the required speed or controlled accurately using this designed system irrespective of changes in the load to the motor and changes in supply voltage.

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Line Outage Detection Using Phasor Angle Measurement

A continuous and uninterrupted power supply is key in the modern day lifestyle and economic activities. Read more

Any interruptions of the supply will lead to adverse effects, mostly economical and the effects tend to worsen as the duration of the power disruption/outage increases. Thus, a system that can monitor the location of the outage will greatly help in the response time needed to restore power. This project proposes to come up with such a solution. The main aim of the project is to come up with an algorithm that can detect where and when there is a line outage using the method of “Phasor angle measurement”. The system will detect remotely, from a central location, the location of a fault and show the lines affected by this outage. The information will then be sent to a team on the ground to respond immediately to restore the power. The literature review carried out highlights similar existing systems, their operation and their limitation. This project then offers to come up with a solution to counter these shortcomings. The design of the system has been expounded and the operation of the system broken down for easy understanding. At the end of this project, the system designed aims to be a low cost, a more reliable and a user-friendly system that is easy to use.

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Automatic Whiteboard Cleaner

Whiteboards were invented to replace chalk boards that posed a health threat to its users due to the chalk dust. Moreover, chalk boards had a smoky appearance after being used for a short period and this distorted the information written on them. Read more

In the present times, cleaning of whiteboards consumes a considerable amount of time that could otherwise be used for the presentation. In this report therefore an automatic whiteboard cleaner has been designed and simulated. The design was done to improve on the limitations of current systems that include tear and wear due to use of belts, lower efficiency due to use of long brushes, costly systems due to use of expensive components, lack of safety features such as an emergency stop button to stop the execution of the system at any point due to an emergency. In the designed system, the whiteboard was cleaned twice within a period of 9 seconds (top down and down up cleaning). An emergency stop button was used together with an infrared obstacle sensor for detection of human body parts or any other obstacle in the path of the whiteboard wiper and stop the system. From the simulation results it was shown that whenever there was an obstacle in the path of the whiteboard wiper, no motors were activated and a RED light emitting diode (LED) was activated to alert the user of the presence of the obstacle in the path of the wiper. When the left or right push buttons were activated and no obstacle was present in the path of the dusters, the GREEN LED was activated and the respective DC motor was activated to clean the whiteboard. Pressing the emergency stop button at any point during the running of the system brought the system to a stop and the rest the micro-controller.

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Smart garden system

For plant growth and development, plants require adequate water, appropriate ambient temperature and humidity levels and adequate amount of light intensity. Read more

For this reason therefore many irrigation methods have been developed over the years by man to artificially supply water to the plants. This is because rain dependent agriculture was found to be unreliable due to the irregular nature of rain both in quantity and frequency and this is at times insufficient for some plants. Several smart gardens have been developed in recent years to make certain operations in the garden independent of human labour. The devices reviewed in this report were found to use certain technology such as overhead sprinklers that result in waste of water, cellular networks for remote control of the systems and this limits the use of these systems to areas with regular cellular network and the use of controllers such as Arduino and Raspberry Pi that may not be tolerant to the harsh environmental and mechanical conditions in the garden. In this project therefore a smart garden system was designed and developed that uses a computer as a controller, uses an interface unit to connect sensors (temperature, soil moisture, humidity and light) in the garden with the computer and the actuators (relays). The system can operate either in manual or automatic mode and it provides a controlled environment in terms of the correct temperature, soil moisture, environmental humidity and light intensity levels as required by the garden plants. The system designed and fabricated in this project also has a mobile application from which manual control of the smart garden can be done through a server. The developed system helps to conserve water as garden is only watered when required, it helps conserve electricity by using solar panel as a secondary energy source and by activating devices such as lights, servo motor, fan and pumps only when required. Another benefit of the developed smart garden system is that it is flexible and so can be used with several plants. Flexibility comes in terms of the ability of the set points of the various parameters of the system to be changed at will by the farmer. Recommendations such as improving the system to monitor and control livestock farming has been proposed to make the system all- inclusive and decrease the need for having multiple systems for monitoring of plants and livestock in the same location.

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Smart House Project

In this project, a smart home system that has two functions has been designed and fabricated. Read more

The functions of the system are improving security of the home and remote control of appliances. The proposed system is made up of a smoke and gas sensor, an infrared reflective sensor, a water level sensor together with a motion sensor interfaced to a PC through an interface kit. The PC is also connected to a servo motor, a buzzer, an LED, a camera, magnetic switch and a radio frequency identification (RFID) system. In this report, the existing smart home systems were reviewed and their limitations that include noise that interferes with interpretation of control commands, use of internet connectivity for remote control of the system that is not available in all localities worldwide, resistance from the elderly people against smart home systems that reduce their autonomy and large sizes of wearable sensor devices that are not accepted widely were identified. The system in this project therefore was designed to improve on these limitations and produce a system that would be accepted widely that had no wearable devices and was not prone to interference due to noise. Looking at the applications of smart homes it was shown that they can be used in control of appliances in the home, for monitoring of the health of the elderly in homes, for improving security of the home when the owner is away and for energy management in the home. Since the smart home market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 14.5 % from USD 24.10 billion in 2016 to USD 53.45 billion in 2022, the demand for these systems is expected to grow thus it is expected that the demand for systems such as the one developed in this project will increase in the future with the competition being based on functionality, ease of use, cost, efficiency and power consumption of the system. It is therefore viable to focus attention and resources in this project to develop a fully functional system not only for this project but one that can be commercialised.

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Smart irrigation system

Water is a very important component required by plants for photosynthesis, good fruit yield, transportation of nutrients, growth, good fruit quality and for maintaining plant quality, raising and stabilizing agricultural yields. Read more

Plants obtain their water from the soil through their roots. The soil moisture content is however very variable and may not be sufficient to the plant since it is usually dependent on irregular, insufficient and uneven rainfall. Through irrigation, the soil moisture content can be improved. In this project, a smart irrigation system has been designed that monitors the soil moisture levels and automatically activates a water pump that pumps the water to the farm. This system is completely automatic in operation and has benefits such as cost savings due to less water consumption and use of a hybrid solar PV (photovoltaic) –grid powered system to power the pump. In this project report, the currently existing irrigation techniques as well as the classical irrigation methods have been discussed and their benefits and disadvantages discussed. Key among most of the existing devices is the high cost of irrigation due to the high electricity or diesel costs required to operate the water pump. Irrigation methods such as overhead irrigation waste a lot of water thus the high costs. The use of PV systems in irrigation have also been presented in this report both stand alone and grid connected systems. In the design of the smart irrigation system in this project therefore, a cost analysis has been done to compare the cost of using the PV based system to the cost of using grid based system and from this the payback period of the PV based system determined to be 9.14 years. A total of 17 batteries were also included in the system and were used to provide exclusive power to the DC motor of the water pump. Design calculations done in this project determined that the PV module requirement for our system is 15 panels which have a 330 W rated output power and 17 batteries with a rated current capacity of 200 AH. The PV panels require a total of 25.968 square meters of roof space while batteries require a storage space of 2.1301 square meters. Simulink software was used to simulate the PV, Battery State of Charge, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) and the entire irrigation system and the models built together with results presented and discussed in this report. The device designed in this project therefore is of great significance to farmers, water and electrical utilities as there would be reduced consumption of water and grid electricity thus it introduces cost savings of around $ 44 349.49 annually.

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Peer To Peer Power Trading Systems In Uttara , Dhaka , Bangladesh

The energy sector of Bangladesh is highly dependent on fossil fuels. This situation has led to increased carbon dioxide emission over the years. Read more

However, the government is strongly advocating for the installation of green renewable energy sources. This has fostered an increased adoption of PV generation systems. The net-metering system has been deployed in the country to allow PV owners to sell their excess energy generated. The P2P model, however, is gaining significant interest. Dhaka is one of the largest electricity consumers in the country. Therefore, an analysis has been conducted with Uttara, Dhaka being the case study region. The rooftop PV generation capacity of the region has been investigated and showed that with 50% of the available rooftop area used for installing solar panels of average capacity, solar power provided a feasible complement to the main grid power. A model was developed to facilitate information exchange leading up to a trade of excess energy for money using the Multichain blockchain and implemented successfully to demonstrate asset transactions. A physical layer design was proposed, synthesized and simulated. The design achieved the basic functionalities to allow energy consumption using local SHS utilities available by the owner, import external power from the grid, and export excess power to other peers. The design, however, still exhibited faults, that necessitated future work. Finally, the economic impact of establishing a blockchain-enabled P2P market for energy trade was investigated. It was projected that the system had the potential of reducing a consumer’s electrical expenditure by 17%.

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Wireless power monitor
for domestic smart scheduling

Homes with solar PV system are paid for a fixed proportion of generated power regardless of how much is used on-site. Read more

As such home owners can maximise economic efficiency by using as much of the generated power as possible. Generally, this requires significant effort to manually monitor power generation and turn on appliances such as tumble driers and dishwashers. Some schemes exist to divert excess generated power to battery banks or to heat stored water. However, the former tends to be expensive to purchase, while the latter is not so cost effective as most hot water systems in the UK are run
on gas which is 1/4 of the cost of electricity per kWh. An alternative approach is smart scheduling of high power domestic appliances to maximise energy use in "real-time". This can combine the benefits of low installation costs with efficient consumption generated energy. This project will develop a lowpower wireless power monitoring device system that
measure solar generated power in a single-phase domestic installation. The real-time data will be communicated via domestic WIFI to the Cloud. This data can then be used to feed into a AI platform to implement smart scheduling.

Modelling the impact of
bypass diodes on
Photovoltaic (PV) cell performance

Partial shading across Photovoltaic (PV) solar cells can cause large reverse voltages and reduce the maximum generated output power. Read more

The effects of shading can be mitigated via the use of bypass diodes across the shaded solar cells. In this project, the impact of using bypass diodes on the solar cell performance under partial shading scenarios will be investigated using MATLAB/Simulink software. The developed system comprises (i) PV modules integrated with bypass diodes, (ii) theoretical characterisation of the currentvoltage (I-V) and power-voltage (P-V) curves under various partial shading patterns, and (iii) finding the
optimum number of bypass diodes to use with partial shaded PV modules.

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More electrical engineering thesis topics can be found on university websites like this one.  

Learning Outcomes of An Electrical and Electronics Engineering Thesis

The main aim of an electrical and electronics engineering dissertation is to develop the students’ problem solving, investigative, technical, critical, and communication skills through their managing and accomplishing a substantial individual piece of work. The specific learning outcomes are as illustrated below:

  1. Demonstrate competence in an advanced aspect of electrical and electronics engineering including awareness of current research and research methods
  2. Identify and describe the performance of electrical engineering systems and components through the use of analytical methods and/or modelling techniques
  3. Demonstrate creative and innovative ability on the synthesis of solutions and in formulating design, taking into account constraints of environmental impact, sustainability, health and safety, cost and/or customer and user needs as appropriate
  4. Understand the context in which electrical engineering knowledge is applied, and appreciate the wider multidisciplinary engineering context of the project and its underlying principles;
  5. Manage a project, develop ideas and use relevant electrical engineering tools. Depending on the type of electrical engineering final year project, students will develop specific practical skills or they will learn how to use computer software for analysis and design.
  6. Liaise and work with professionals in various fields;
  7. Manipulate and sort data, present data in technical reports, present and effectively communicate at a satisfactory level;
  8. Work independently and manage time and resources in order to execute and complete a project to a satisfactory standard.

Types Of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Thesis

The two main electrical engineering final year project types are: practical electrical engineering dissertation and theoretical electrical engineering dissertation. Practical electrical and electronics engineering final year projects can be further divided into the following categories:

  1. Design, build and test/manufacture electrical engineering thesis
  2. Electrical engineering dissertations that require modelling and simulation of an electrical engineering process
  3. Detailed design of an electrical engineering system
  4. Electrical engineering thesis involving creating and testing of a computer software

Detailed explanation of types of engineering thesis can be obtained here. You can also view sample projects (both practical and theoretical electrical engineering thesis) from engineeringfinalprojects.com.

Selecting Electrical and Electronics Engineering Thesis Topic 

Selection of your electrical engineering thesis topic is an important task because it directly affects the likelihood of successfully completing the thesis. There are three main ways through which an electrical engineering dissertation topic can be selected:

  1. From a list provided by members of staff
  2. Your own unique topic based on your area of interest or independent research
  3. An electrical engineering thesis topic sponsored by a company

The procedure for selecting an engineering thesis topic is well explained in the link. However, you should put in mind that the electrical engineering thesis topic selected should be a topic that you find interesting and you should have access to all materials and equipment necessary to complete it.

Electrical and Electronics Engineering Final Year Project Deliverables

 Assessment of your electrical engineering thesis is based on a number of deliverables with the main aim being to evaluate the extent by which you have satisfied the learning outcomes. The 5 main electrical and electronics engineering thesis deliverables are listed below:

  1. Electrical engineering Thesis Proposal. The engineering thesis proposal can also be known as engineering thesis plan. Other key deliverables that accompany an electrical engineering thesis proposal include an electrical engineering thesis Risk Assessment, Ethics Assessment and an electrical engineering final year project Timeline/Plan.
  2. Electrical Engineering Thesis Interim Report or Progression Report
  3. Electrical Engineering Thesis Final Report
  4. PowerPoint Presentation (Slides or Poster)
  5. Oral Presentation/Examination (Viva)

To get more details about electrical and electronics engineering thesis deliverables, check here.

Format Of an Electrical and Electronics Thesis Report

The report structure or format of an electrical engineering thesis follows the standard engineering dissertation report structure with slight variations between institutions. In addition to the structure, make sure to follow the recommendations regarding referencing, numbering, tense and voice, grammar and plagiarism.

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